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The ups and downs in Bulgarian history through the brush of Dimitar Gudzhenov

Dimitar Gudzhenov (1891-1979) recreates in his paintings some of the most significant plots in Bulgarian history. Thanks to his images for decades, generations of Bulgarians have formed their visual image of the historical events that changed the course of history and Bulgaria.

The Flying Detachment, Dimitar Gudzhenov

From “Kubrat and his sons” through “Tsar Simeon the Great” to “Botev’s detachment descends to the Bulgarian coast” Dimitar Gudzhenov managed to capture the events that most highlight the moments when Bulgarians have something to be proud of.

“Meeting General Gurko in Sofia”, 1953, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

“Portrait of Hristo Botev”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

Dimitar Gudzhenov was born on January 26, 1891 in Stara Zagora. Dimitar Gudzhenov inherited his talent from his father, the artist Atanas Gudzhenov. In 1915 he graduated in painting in the class of Prof. Tseno Todorov at the Industrial School of Art (now the National Academy of Arts) in Sofia, while studying for two semesters at the National School of Fine Arts in Paris (1913-14).

“The Battle of Sheynovo”, Dimitar Gudzhenov

“Fight for Shipka”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

He is known for his paintings on military and historical themes, often used for illustrations in encyclopedias and textbooks on Bulgarian history. Between 1920 and 1933 Dimitar Gudzhenov taught at the Academy, where he was a professor.

Among his students there are Stoyan Venev, Petko Zadgorski and Strahil Titirinov. Dimitar Gudzhenov’s paintings are on display at the National Art Gallery and the National Museum of Military History.

“Tsar Simeon in front of Constantinople”, 1937, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

One of Dimitar Gudzhenov’s most impressive paintings, Simeon the Great (1927), is on display in the Presidency of the Republic of Bulgaria.

“Tsar Simeon – the golden age of Bulgarian writing”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

His interest in historical plots is not accidental. Gudzhenov began his professional career as a military artist at the headquarters of the Eighth Tundzha Infantry Division. Then he created his paintings “Road Convoy”, “Across the Morava”, “Wolf Pits”, which today are among the most valuable works in the collection of the National Museum of Military History.

“Harvest”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

In the 1930s and 1940s he was also an artist at the headquarters of the Bulgarian army – a period in which he again painted a series of canvases with military and historical plots and personalities.

After 1944, he often recreated social themes in his paintings. Then he created his painting “Botev’s Detachment” landed on the Bulgarian coast “(1949), as well as the first issue of” Rabotnicheski Vestnik “(1952),” The Battle of Drava-Sobolch “(1953),” Meeting General Gurko in Sofia “( 1953).

“Khan Asparuh crosses the Danube”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

“Tsar Simeon”, Dimitar Gudzhenov

In addition to the historical genre, Gudzhenov also devoted himself to his father’s craft – murals and icon paintings. It was Dimitar Gudzhenov, together with Prof. Nikola Kozhuharov, who painted the Stara Zagora Church of St. Dimitar and the Varna Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas.

His frescoes are in many of the temples of Burgas, Plovdiv, Chirpan and others. For his vast work he has been awarded many prizes and twice with the Order of “St. St. Cyril and Methodius ”.

“Oborishte, 1876”, Dimitar Gudzhenov

“Botev’s detachment descends to the Danube bank”, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov

Dimitar Gudzhenov is one of the most remarkable figures in Bulgarian historical painting. His works are often considered a panorama of Bulgarian history – during its victories, kings, spiritual prosperity, uprisings, slavery, greatness and suffering.

“After the harvest”, Dimitar Gudzhenov

Dimitar Gudzhenov died on August 25, 1979 in Sofia and was awarded many prizes and distinctions of the highest rank.

“Khan Kubrat and his sons”, 1926, artist Dimitar Gudzhenov